Tag Archive: Thailand

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Info about the history of Phuket Vegetarian Festival http://actusail.eu/site/index.php/phuket/vegetarian/

check also Vegetarian Festival 2010 https://mpathy1.wordpress.com/2010/10/18/phuket-vegetarian-festival/

Khao Sok National Park

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Wild lotus Bau Phut
Khao Sok National Park
go to http://actusail.biedmeer.nl/Webwinkel-Product-3862544/Travel-mate-special-daytrip.html for this kind of trip

Wildlife Thailand

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Khao Yai National Park Isan
Khao Sok National Park  Surat thani
Khao Phra Taeo National Park Phuket

Phitsanulok Thailand

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Wat Phra Si Rattana Mahathat is located on the east side of the Nan River at the Naresuan Bridge. The first constructions, being the cloisters were started in 1357.
The architecture left today includes a Khmer styled Prang, the Buddha Chinnarat Museum exhibiting Sukhothai period works and the Vihara housing the enormous image of Pra Buddha Chinnarat. This image is in the Mara Submission form and was moulded duting the Sukhothai Kingdom approximately 700 years ago as confirmed by a stone inscription in the Temple grounds.
The image is now displayed all over Thailand and a good reproduction can be seen at Wat Benchamabophit in Bangkok.


Phitsanulok Province is located in Lower North Thailand and is historiclly linked to Sukhothai, Si Satchanalai and Kamphaeng Phet. Visitors to any of these ancient cities should also plan to visit all four of them at the same time. The neighbouring Provinces are Loei, Phetchabun, Phichit, Kamphaeng Phet, Sukhothai and Uttaradit. The Capital City is also called Phitsanulok which is located on the Nan River. The name ” Phitsanulok ” has ancient Hindu routes, as ” Phitsanu ” is derived from the Hindi name ” Visnu ” and a general translation of the modern Thai name means ” Vishnu’s Heaven ”. Other ancient Thailand place names follow this Hindu tradition, such as, Ayutthaya.

The major tourist attractions in Phitsanulok are

The National Parks
Thung Salaeng Luang
Phu Hin Rong Kla
Namtok Chat Trakan, and
Kaeng Chet Khwae

Historical Monumnets
Phitsanulok City fortifications, the Wall and Moat
The City Pillar Shrine
Shrine for King Naresuan The Great
Chandra Palace, which was the birth place of King Naresuan

The Buddhist Temples
Wat Phra Si Rattana Mahathat
Wat Aranyik
Wat Chedi Yod Thong
Wat Ratchanurana
Wat Chula Manee
Wat Grung See Jayrin


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Phimai Historical Park is an ancient Khmer city of the Khmer Empire in Thailand situated in Phimai District of Nakhon Ratchasima Province and is about 60 kilometers north from Phimai, the Capital. The ancient Khmer city [ and earlier in 7 – 8 C part of Chenla Kingdom ] is surrounded by a moat adjacent to the Mun River on the east and north boundaries. Phimai is the largest Khmer ruins complex in Thailand and comprises an inner moated city, 565 by 1030 metres, which was built in the 11 – 12 C with further additions in the 13 C.
The Temple City was surrounded by a laterite wall 3,350 feet by 1,900 feet with the Temple enclosed by two walls, the outer measuring 900 feet by 720 feet and the innermost wall 272 by 243 feet. The complex includes the usual structures, naga terraces, gopuras, pavilions, a library. The key feature is the inner court yard which houses three towers. The central and principal tower was built in 11 – 12 C and is made of sandstone. The outer walls are decorated with lintels and bas-reliefs depicting scenes from the Ramayana, illustrating battles between Ravana and Rama. The southern side has bas-reliefs of Shiva and its interior has bas-reliefs of Buddha, Bodhisattvas and Mara. The Temple is Budhist, not Hindu and was part of the Mahayana school which was prevalent in the Mun Valley from the 7 C onwards.
Phimai has large and small ponds to represent the oceans. The central sanctuary is enclosed by narrow corridor galleries. Cruciform entrances [ or Gopuras ] are installed at cardinal points. Carvings of Hindu Gods ornament the pediments and lintels of these entrances. Within the sacred area the central tower [ or prang ] culminates in a lotus bulb shaped finial and represents Mount Meru. This is built of sandstone. The Prang is many tiered and rests on a base, which is a tall re-dented cube like structure which itself is set on other re-dented and ascending sandstone platforms. Below the tiers of the tower and set in the cube re-dented base was placed the linga, or phallic emblem of the God Shiva and later a Buddha image.
The other two towers were built in 13 C. One was made of laterite and the other, of red sandstone. The former houses a large sculpture of King Jayavarman [ of Angkor ] who reigned during its construction. Phimai has similar features to those at Phnom Rung , it has access via a long causeway with terraces, the stone balustrades of which are shaped as serpents or Nagas. These Nagas have multiple flaring heads which are crowned, and act as guardians of the earths’ waters and are said to represent the rainbow, the link between the world of men and the Gods. Accordingly when one approaches these sanctuaries [ or Temples ] via these Naga causeways one is reminded that as a devotee he or she is leaving the earthly plan, physically and spiritually, for higher levels of enlightenment.
Just north of Phimai Historical Park, and not to be missed, is the Phimai National Museum which houses Khmer artifacts and works of art from excavations, not only from Phimai, but other Khmer ruins in southern I ‘san. This complex is the most outstanding example of Khmer Architecture in Thailand.

UNESCO has Phimai designated as a World Heritage Site for future listing and the following is its description and reason for the designation.” Phimai or Vimai was the name of a large rectangular ancient Khmer city surrounded on all sides by boundary walls and moats, lying 260 kilometers northwest of Angkor. Prasat Phimai was the Mahayana Buddhist sanctuary situated at the center of the city. Prasat Phimai itself together with the Cultural Route and the associated temples of Phanomrung and Muangtam are among the finest Khmer monuments and constitute a testimony to the civilization, prosperity and wealth, and the power of the Khmer Empire at its peak. From Phimai the historical route stretched out Southeast into the southern sub-region of the Khorat Plateau leading to the pass across the Phnom Dongrak mountain range on the Thai-Cambodian border. In the ancient time of the Khmer Empire, travelers and pious pilgrims taking this route, which connected Angkor to Phimai, had at their disposal rest houses spanning over the route as well as some hospitals along the route. The remains of these rest houses and hospitals mark out Phimai ‘s unique cultural route, covering approximately a distance of 150 kilometers.
Prasat Phimai was originally built in the l l t century after a large part of the Buddhist Kingdom of Dhvaravadi was conquered and became the domain of the Khmer Empire. It is evident from the statuary of Phimai that it was built as a Mahayana Buddhist sanctuary. The inscriptions inside the principal tower also signify the Buddhist origin of Phimai, praising Lord Buddha and mentioning the name of King Suriyavaraman I as a Mahayana Buddhist, as well as specifying the years corresponding to the Buddhist Era of 1579 and 1589 ( 1036 and 1046 AD ). It is significant to note that other Khmer temples belonging to the same era, such as Angkor Wat or Prasat Phanom Rung, all were built as Hindu temples, the unique Buddhist sanctuary of Phimai being the single exception. Besides the Buddhist temple of Bayon in Cambodia, Phimai was duly recognized as the most important full-fledged Khmer Buddhist sanctuary by Jayavaraman VII the Great, who was a renowned fervent Buddhist.
The plan of the township was in the shape of a rectangle enclosed on all sides by moats and surrounding walls, of which traces still remain. Of the four walls, the front side of the ancient town stood, as the Temple itself, facing Southeast in the direction of Angkor. The fact that the temple of Phimai faces Southeast in the direction of Angkor instead of facing east, which is the common feature of other Khmer temples, is significant, the reason however, is unknown. It might have been by design to give effect to the special position and importance of Phimai in its relationship to Angkor, as made evident later by the command of King Jayavaraman VII to build rest houses and hospitals on the cultural route to Phimai.
The restoration of Prasat Phimai from 1964 to 1969 with the technical assistance from the French Government was supervised by Prince Yachai Chitrabongse and M. Bernard Phillip Groslier, who was the director of the restoration work at Angkor. The lintels on the inside of the buildings, depicting scenes of the life of Buddha as well as episodes from the Ramayana, are among the foremost of Khmer art. A very fine sandstone statue of King Jayavarman VII in meditation was also found inside of one of the buildings.”

” Lying on the cultural route halfway from Prasat Tamuan on the Thai – Cambodian border to Prasat Phimai are the two ancient Khmer temples of Phanom Rung and Muang Tam in close vicinity. Prasat Phanom Rung is magnificent, standing on top of an extinct, wooded volcano, and dominates the broad flat countryside marked off to the south by the Dong Rek Mountains, the thickly forested slopes of which lead away to the horizon. The construction of the temple took place in different stages, the first two brick towers dating back to the 10th century. These were followed by the small tower, which was built in the 11th century, and the principal tower, built in the 12th century. Other structures including the scripture repository and the pavilion were added during the reign of Jayavarman VII. The temple was for worshiping the supreme Lord Shiva, thus Prasat Phanom Rung represents his celestial abode on top of Mt. Kailasa. The monumental staircase is most impressive, with its strong moulding on the sides giving a feeling of power and mass, typical of great classical Khmer monuments. The plan of the whole complex was designed on the basis of the axis leading from the staircase to the principal tower. The principal tower and minor buildings all have doors in symmetrical positions on all sides. The main sanctuary, in particular, has superb decoration for its strength and delicacy. All the external and internal doorways have pediments and carved lintels and the walls and pillars are covered with friezes.
An extraordinary feature of the architectural design of the sanctuary, taking advantage of its geographical location, is the straight through way from the entrance door on the East leading to the farthest door, the 15 th door, on the western end of the structural complex. The design was made to display the spectacular sunrise of the two annual crossings of the equator by the Sun, beaming the majestic aura of the rising sun from the entrance door on the East straight through the fifteen doors to the western end of the doorway of the sanctuary. Around each time of the equinoxes, visitors to this day crowd the outside square on the west end of the Prasal Phanom Rung to witness the awesome spell of the emerging sun over the horizon through the fifteen doors at the western end of the sanctuary.”

Prasat Muang Tam was a Hindu sanctuary built in the 11th century on the plain 8 kilometers southeast from Prasat Phanom Rung. Although its setting is much less picturesque, its plan, importance, and the good state of preservation of its bas-reliefs make it an outstanding ancient Khmer temple. The plan of the temple is a vast rectangle, 120 by 127 meters, enclosed with a laterite wall topped by a strong rim. At the four cardinal points are four Gopuras in the middle of each side of the complex. The first courtyard is imposing in its proportions and is mostly filled with four symmetrical L shaped ponds, at each corner of which is the figure of five-headed Naga with the tails meeting at the top of the stairs on each side of the ponds leading down to the water. These ponds are separated from each other by four paths leading to the four doors of the inner courtyard which appears floating like an island. To the north of Prasat Muang Tam is located the baray ( known as Thale Muangtam, or Muangtam lake ), 510 by 1,090 meters, constructed as an integral part of the temple to symbolize the ocean surrounding Mt. Meru, which is the home of Hindu gods.
Associated Rest Houses and Hospitals along the Route; King Jayavaraman VII, according to the account appearing in ancient Prah Khan stone inscriptions in Angkor, commanded that 17 rest houses be built from the capital on the route to Phimai. Eight rest houses have been found on the stretch from Phimai to the pass across the Phanom Dongrak mountain range on Thai – Cambodian border. All rest houses are of the same size with typical identifiable structural features. The spacing of the location of rest houses varies from 10 to 26 kilometers, the different distances could have been due to the different types of terrain and the conditions of the trail encountered in one-day travel at that time. Unlike rest houses, hospitals were scattered, probably located where the communities were situated. Out of the remains of 18 hospitals found in the northeast of Thailand, six of them were on Phimai ‘s route. ”

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For meditation in Wat Ram Poeng (Tapotaram) check http://www.watrampoeng.net

Mental Development is a personal experience.
It does not matter if you are Buddhist, Christian, Jewish or Moslem.
Nor is it important what nationality or color you are, since each person in the world is longing for a better life.

The Insight Meditation technique taught here is a way to prepare a path to a better, peaceful life through clear understanding about oneself.
‘Meditation’ is the best word in English for the concept of Mental Development.

There are two kinds of meditation:
– Tranquil, or Samatha, Meditation, which develops concentration (Samadhi) on one object to help calm the mind.
– Insight, or Vipassana, Meditation, which develops self-understanding through Mindfulness Training.

The Teaching and Practice at Wat Tapotaram (Rampoeng) is based on the
Four Foundations of Mindfulness:

1. Contemplation of the Body
2. Contemplation of the Feelings
3. Contemplation of the Mind (Thought)
4. Contemplation of Objects of the Mind

During the meditation it is wise to do no
listening to music
Before or after your meditation training you might want to get a better understanding of Buddhism.

We love the King

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Bhumibol Adulyadej
Bhumibol Adulyadej is the reigning Monarch of Thailand. He is known as Rama IX. Having reigned since 9 June 1946, he is the world’s longest-serving current head of state and the longest-reigning monarch in Thai history.
Born: December 5, 1927 (age 84),Cambridge
Spouse: Sirikit (m. 1950)
Children: Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, Maha Vajiralongkorn, Ubol Ratana, Chulabhorn Walailak
Siblings: Ananda Mahidol
Parents: Mahidol Adulyadej, Srinagarindra
Awards: Royal Victorian Chain, Legion of Merit


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Sukhothai Thailand

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The 13th Century fortified city of Sukhothai is a World Heritage Site as nominated by UNESCO. This together with the adjoining ancient wiang cities of Si Satchanalai and Kamphaeng Phet are major tourist attractions in Thailand.
Today what remains of these three cities are the remains of city moats and walls, ruins [ monuments ] in brick and laterite of palaces and monasteries, lakes and waterways and military ramparts.
Sukhothai Historical Park covers 70 square Kilometers with 193 ruins.
The major Sukhothai monuments are detailed has allocated them according to their location as being, within the walled City moat, North of Sukhothai city walls, South of the walls, East of the walls and West of the city walls.

Wat Mahathat Seated Buddha Statue Inside The Walled City Of Sukhothai

The ancient Sukhothai City walls consist of three concentric earthen banks, the in between spaces from which the earth was dug were originally moats. The eastern and western walls are 1,400 meters long and the southern and northern walls are 1,810 meters long. Each of the four walls has a gateway. These are made of laterite. The moats were supplied with water from the nearby Mae Ramphan Canal. Inside the walls are the ruins of 21 different monasteries and other buildings and 4 reservoirs. The art and architecture styles reflect the original Khmer, Mon, Sinhalese and finally Tai influences.

Inside the city walls the major Sukhothai monuments are:
Wat Mahathat
Wat Traphang Ngon
Wat Si Sawai
Wat Traphang Thong
Wat Sorasak

Wat Si Chum: Situated outside the town wall at the northwest corner, this ancient monument is well known for a sitting Buddha Image of large size. The Buddha Image with its lap of 11.30 metres wide occupies the total space of the building.
Mentioned in Stone Inscription No. 1; Phra Achana, the name of this Buddha Image, means one who is not frightened. It is believed that Phra Achana was originally carved in the attitude of subduing Mara. The present one in sitting posture was renovated from 1953 to 1956 AD.
Stone Inscription No. 2 known as Wat Si Chum Inscription was found in a recess in the mandapa wall of this temple. Regarded as historical evidence of great value, this stone inscription deals with the founding of Sukhothai dynasty. Moreover, drawings on the ceiling of the mandapa tell stories of former incarnations of Lord Buddha (Jataka) with a title written in the Sukhothai alphabet for each picture. Some of these pictures were drawn in the style of art similar to the characteristics of Sri Lankan art.

source: http://www.su.ac.th/sukhothai/